AWB Number

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The AWB or (Airway bill) number is similar to the booking number in ocean shipments, but it is for Air shipments.  It is the central control figure.  You will be able to find it on your Airway bill (or AWB).

Bill of Lading (BL)

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Common abbreviations: BL, BoL (note OBL refers to a specific type of release, the original bill of lading) Sometimes mistakenly referred to as: “bill of landing,” or “bill of laden.” This is the contract between you and the carrier that … Read More

Booking Number

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This most often refers to the ocean carrier’s booking number.  Like our reference number, the booking number can have multiple containers or only a single one (or just a pallet).  It is per-instance.

Cargo Insurance

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Cargo insurance (also known as marine, shipping or freight insurance) covers the loss, damage or theft of commodities while in transit.

Carrier

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This is the one party who moves the cargo.  The carrier can be a trucker, rail, ocean vessel, or airplane.  Some mistakenly called the carrier the “shipper,” but these are not the same.

Consignee

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The consignee is the receiver of the cargo.  Once ownership passes from the shipper, it becomes the consignee’s. For example, if you are shipping a donation to Zimbabwe, you would need to find an organization registered in Zimbabwe to receive … Read More

Customs Broker

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This is an agent that clears customs on your behalf.  Often they are most needed on the destination side.  It is very important that you pick a Customs broker who is trustworthy and time-tested, as delays in Customs can cost … Read More

Demurrage

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This fee is applicable when the consignee/ shipper holds carrier equipment in the terminal at destination for longer than the agreed amount of free time. It can be incurred for both exports (early drop-off) and imports (late pick-up). Export: Demurrage days … Read More

Detention

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This fee is applicable when the consignee/shipper holds carrier equipment longer than the agreed free time outside of the port. Export: Detention days are counted from pick-up empty to gate-in full minus free days. Import: Detention days are counted from gate-out … Read More

Dock Receipt

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Receipt given for a shipment received or delivered at a pier or dock. When delivery of a foreign shipment is completed, the dock receipt is exchanged for a bill of lading with the transportation line.

Donation Value

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The commodities do have a true worth prior to donation, say when the commodity was in prime condition. It is on the high side is thusly used in income and financial statements. Often the values derive from the donor, but … Read More

Door

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Door can be either the pickup or delivery point.  Door, however, is an ambiguous term–it can refer to the agent, consignee, warehouse, etc., so it is important to clarify specifically which door is being referred to.

EIN

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This is the tax ID number in the USA.  All shippers (including for personal effects) will need to have an EIN to export cargo.  The exception to this rule is that if you declare your cargo for less than $2,500, … Read More

Export Value

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This is the value declared to US Customs–or whichever country you are exporting from.  It’s important to note that this is not necessarily the same as the import value on the destination side, or the GIK value, or the insurance … Read More

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